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Monday, September 22, 2014
Las Vegas Constable

UNDERSTANDING THE EVICTION PROCESS 

Evictions:

All evictions must begin with a NOTICE. There are several types of notices to choose from. You may not always be able to use the quickest notice available. You must choose one that applies to the situation. There are separate notices for manufactured homes and non-manufactured homes.

A standard eviction can cost $100 - $120 from start to finish. Evictions take 10 to 180 days depending on the type of notice served.
 
Foreclosure:

NO notices available for this process. A foreclosure requires you going to Justice Court and filing a FORMAL CIVIL COMPLIANT. The Constable's office does NOT have forms available for this process. 

TYPES OF NOTICES  FOR NON-MANUFACTURED HOMES
 
5-DAY QUIT OR PAY:

This notice is used for non-payment of rent from tenant. If there is NO grace period, you can go forward with the notice the day AFTER rent is due. If you have a grace period, you must wait until that time has passed. If the tenant offers you the FULL rental amount, you MUST ACCEPT. You can refuse partial payment from the tenant. If you should decide to accept partial payment, you can refile a new notice for the balance of money due. There is NO other notice that follows this 5-Day Pay or Quit. When serving this 5-Day Pay or Quit Notice, you DO NOT count the day of service. Count 5 business days. The day after the 5 business days return to our office.
 
Example: You come to Constable's Office on Thursday (4/8/04). We serve the paper on Friday (4/9/04). Tenant has Monday thru Friday (4/12/04 thru 4/16/04) of the following week to contest notice. You return to our office on Monday (4/19/04) to continue the eviction process.

3-DAY NUISANCE NOTICE:

Can be used for what you consider a nuisance. It requires a written reason and has absolutely nothing to do with rent money. You do not count the day of service. The defendant has 3 working days to fix the problem. You need to return to this office after the 3rd day (return must be a business day). Need to follow-up with the 5-DAY UNLAWFUL DETAINER.
 
7-DAY NOTICE:

Notice is used for weekly rentals. It requires a written reason is required for eviction. DO NOT count the day of service.  Count 7 business days. You need to return to this office after the 7th day (return date must be a business day). Need to follow-up with the 5-DAY UNLAWFUL DETAINER.

30-DAY NOTICE:

Notice is used for reasons OTHER than Nuisance or Rent. DO NOT count the day of service -- it runs consecutive through weekends and holidays. (Can not be used when a lease is in effect).You need to return to this office after the 30th day (return date must be a business day). Need to follow-up with the 5-DAY UNLAWFUL DETAINER.

5 DAY UNLAWFUL DETAINER: This is the follow-up notice to the 3-day, 7-day, and 30-day notice. Days are counted like a 5-day pay or quit notice (business days). There is an additional fee for this notice.

                                     
TYPES OF NOTICES FOR MANUFACTURED HOMES

3-DAY NUISANCE NOTICE:

Can be used for what you consider a nuisance and the NRS 118.B.190b considers a nuisance. It requires a written reason and has absolutely nothing to do with rent money. You do not count the day of service. The defendant has 3 working days to fix the problem. You need to return to this office after the 3rd day (return must be a business day). Need to follow-up with the 5-DAY UNLAWFUL DETAINER.

5-DAY NUISANCE NOTICE:

Can be used for what the NRS 118.B.190b considers a nuisance other than reasons for the 3-Day Nuisance Notice (i.e., bad conduct). It requires a written reason and has absolutely nothing to do with rent money. You do not count the day of service. The defendant has 5 working days to fix the problem. You need to return to this office after the 5th day (return must be a business day). Need to follow-up with the 5-DAY UNLAWFUL DETAINER.

10-DAY NOTICE:

This notice is used for non-payment of rent from tenant. If there is NO grace period, you can go forward with the notice the day AFTER rent is due. If you have a grace period, you must wait until that time has passed. If the tenant offers you the FULL rental amount, you MUST ACCEPT. You can refuse partial payment from tenant. If you should decide to accept partial payment, you can refile a new notice for the balance of money due. There is NO other notice that follows this 10-Day Pay or Quit. When serving this 10-Day Pay or Quit Notice, you DO NOT count the day of service. Count 10 business days. The day after the 10th day, you return to our office to proceed with the lock out.

45-DAY NOTICE:

This notice is used for a Nuisance Notice for reasons OTHER than, rent and the reasons listed in the NRS 118.B.190b. that can be used in the 3- & 5-day Nuisance notices . You do not count the day of service. The defendant has 45 days to correct the problem. You need to return to this office after the 45th day (return must be a business day). Need to follow-up with the 5-DAY UNLAWFUL DETAINER.

180-DAY NOTICE:

This notice is used for CHANGE IN USE OF THE LAND, as stated in the NRS 118.B.190b. You do not count the day of service. The defendant has 180 days to vacate the land. You need to return to this office after the 180th day (return must be a business day). Need to follow-up with the 5-DAY UNLAWFUL DETAINER.

5-DAY UNLAWFUL DETAINER:

This is the follow-up notice to the 3-day, 5-day, 45-day and 180-day notice. Days are counted like a 5-day pay or quit notice (business days). There is an additional fee for this notice.  

ALL NOTICES ARE SERVED NEXT BUSINESS DAY.

What happens next?

Our office will serve the notice. You will return on the date printed on your receipt to continue with the eviction.

When you return to our office, you will be handed the actual notice and instructed to take it to Justice Court to file for the Summary Eviction. Court requires that their paperwork be typed--Justice Court's filing fee is $49.00. After filing with the court, you will be handed an Instruction Sheet. You are to bring the Instructions back to the Constable's and will need to pay Lock-Out fees ($42.00 plus $4.00/mile). If you choose not to continue with eviction (for whatever reason) simply do not return to our office. Notices not picked up within 30 days will be destroyed.

What to expect after you file in Justice Court.

Once the court order is received, the notice will be posted the next business day and we will lock-out property the following business day. Locks must be changed at the time the deputy puts the seal on the door. If you need assistance in contacting a locksmith, our deputies can assist. Deputy will contact you between 8 a.m. and 11 a.m. the day of the scheduled lock-out to set-up a time to meet. If you are not available, the eviction CAN NOT BE COMPLETED OR POSTPONED. 

The Court does not contact the Landlord if the Tenant contests.  It is up to the Landlord to search the Justice Court Public Access site to see if the Tenant contested the Eviction Notice.  If the Tenant contested, then the Landlord will need to file on the Tenant's Case that was initiated for the contested Eviction Notice.  If the Tenant contested the Eviction after the Landlord files (Tenant files Motion to Stay), then the Landlord will need to check the status of the Motion to Stay the Justice Court Public Access website to see what decision the Judge has rendered on the Motion to Stay.  If you have questions regarding this matter, contact Justice Court at (702) 671-3478. If Justice Court informs you to file your paperwork, you will need to come to Constable's Office to pick-up a copy of your NOTICE to take to Justice Court for filing. Justice Court fee is $71.00. You DO NOT need to return to our office until after your court date.

What to do after court.

If Judge orders eviction, immediately bring Instructions to Constable's Office and pay lock-out fee. Order will be posted the next business day after we receive it and lock-out the day after posting.

If Judge gives tenant a day and time to pay or vacate, you must call the court. At that time ask them to forward the order to Constable's Office.

You will need to bring the "Instructions to the Constable" to our office and pay lock-out fees.

If court kept your instructions, you need to go there first to pick them up. Since the refund process can take 8-12 weeks, it is suggested you pay for lockout fees ONLY after you know the tenant is not going to abide by the Judge's instructions.

What to expect on the day of lock-out.

On the day of the lock-out the deputy will contact you between 8:00 am and 11:00 am to schedule the lock change. If you are hiring a locksmith you must have him ready to change the locks at the scheduled time to avoid cancellation of lock out. If you are changing your own locks, you must have your locks ready and be prepared to change the locks while the deputy walks the property to make sure no people or pets are in the property. If you do not have a key to property or unsure of how you will be entering the property on the day of the lock change please contact a locksmith before your scheduled time to avoid cancellation. In the event that we are unable to contact you on the day of the lock out or you are unprepared to change the locks and we have to cancel the appointment, you will be required to pay for the eviction again.

After Eviction Is Completed.

When an eviction is completed, the Landlord must store the tenants property for 30 days. They may not charge back rent, but can charge a reasonable storage fee. The tenant has to make arrangements with the Landlord to pick up their property. The Landlord has to notify the tenant in writing, prior to the last 14 days, by CERTIFIED MAIL,that he is disposing the property after the time has lapse.

Cancel Lockout.

It is suggested, if someone moves out, go ahead with the eviction process to avoid any problems that may arise if tenant tries to move back in.

Cancel Eviction/tenant paid.

When deputy calls to follow-up with the lock-out, inform him that tenant has paid and no eviction will be necessary. Constable's Office can not accept cancellation of evictions over the telephones or fax.
 
Order to Rescind.

Order to rescind must be done in Justice Court then brought to Constable's Office for lock-out fees refund. Order must be in this office the day before action is to be taken or Constable's Office will be unable to refund. If posting has already been done and you file order to rescind the day before lock-out, only one-half of the refund will be issued (8-12 weeks for refund).

If you cancel eviction with Deputy Constable, then change your mind, you will have to start eviction process from the beginning.

Once order is received from Justice Court and lock-out fees are paid, we MUST proceed the next business day. NO EXCEPTIONS. Failure to follow this procedure will result in the eviction being canceled and you will have to start the eviction process from the beginning.

What to do with tenant's belongings left behind.

You are liable for their belongings for 30 days from day of lock-out. You may charge a reasonable storage fee, but cannot hold the property for the rent that was due. If you choose, you may contact a storage company to have tenant's property inventoried and stored.

After reading the above information, if you are still unsure how to proceed, you may contact an attorney for legal advice.

Constable's Office
302 E. Carson Ave 5th Floor
Las Vegas, NV 89155
(702) 455-4099 / FAX (702) 385-2436
Hours: 8 a.m. - 4:45 p.m. (Monday through Friday)
First Thursday of each month, offices closes at 3 p.m.
 
Self Help Center 
200 Lewis Ave, 1st floor
Las Vegas, NV 89155
(702) 671-3970

Justice Court
200 Lewis Ave
Las Vegas, NV 89155
(702) 671-3478
Hours: 8 a.m. - 3 p.m. (Monday through Friday)
 
Legal Services
530 S. 6th Street
Las Vegas, NV  89101
(702) 383-6095

Nevada Legal Services
800 South 8th Street
Las Vegas, NV 89101
(702) 386-1070