All About COVID-19

Delta Variant 2_500x650What Is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a disease caused by a virus strain recognized as the novel coronavirus that spreads from person-to-person. It is currently in the United States and most other countries in the world. The virus spreads easily and has the potential to cause severe illness and pneumonia in some people — especially people over age 60 or who have weakened immune systems.
Learn about the Omicron variant.
Learn about the highly contagious Delta variant.
Learn how to understand variants.

How Does COVID-19 Spread
COVID-19 is thought to spread mainly through close contact from person-to-person. Some people without symptoms may be able to spread the virus.
The virus spreads very easily between people who are in close contact with one another (within 6 feet (2 meters) of each other) for a combined total of 15 minutes or more over the course of 24 hours).
The virus also spreads through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people nearby or be inhaled into the lungs.
COVID-19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.

How to Tell If You've Contracted Coronavirus
Reported cases have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness resulting in death. The following symptoms may appear 2 to 14 days after exposure:
  • Fever or chills
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Fatigue
  • New loss of taste or smell
  • Sore throat
  • Congestion or runny nose
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
**The Delta Variant is highly contagious. The symptoms are the same as those listed above.
This list does not include all the symptoms. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning.  You also may watch the "Clark County COVID-19 Update" on YouTube as well as this short PSA on Prevention Tips also available in Spanish.

What Happens If I Test Positive for COVID-19?
If you test positive for COVID-19 or come in contact with someone who has tested positive stay home. Those diagnosed with COVID should quarantine for at least 14 days. Those who come in contact with another person who has COVID, should isolate until they can be tested for COVID. If you have had close contact with someone who has COVID-19, you are required  (per NAC 441A.280) to maintain quarantine (stay home and away from others). The state of Nevada requires people who have had close contact with someone who has COVID-19 to sign a Declaration of Self-Quarantine. Sign the declaration here.

The CDC continues to endorse quarantine for 14 days after your last close contact as the safest option to reduce the risk of spreading illness. However, according to new CDC guidance you may end quarantine after 10 days if you do not have any symptoms during this 10-day period. If symptoms develop at any time, you must isolate yourself away from others and get tested.

After your quarantine period you should continue to limit your contact with others as much as possible, and always wear a face mask when you are around people who do not live with you.

When To Seek Emergency Medical Attention
Look for emergency warning signs for COVID-19. If someone is showing any of these signs, seek emergency medical care immediately:
  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion
  • Inability to wake or stay awake
  • Bluish lips or face
What You Can Do to Prevent Contracting Coronavirus

The CDC continues to advise face masks for everyone, except children 2 and younger, especially for those with respiratory conditions to prevent the spread of illnesses. Additionally, studies show that a significant portion of individuals with coronavirus lack symptoms and can transmit the virus to others before showing symptoms. Therefore, the CDC recommends the use of simple cloth face coverings in public settings where it may be difficult to maintain the recommended 6-foot social distance such as grocery stores or pharmacies. This is a voluntary public health measure recommended to slow the spread of the coronavirus and help people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others. The cloth face coverings recommended are not surgical masks or N-95 respirators.  Those are critical supplies that must continue to be reserved for healthcare workers and other medical first responders, as recommended by current CDC guidance.

Those most at risk of contracting coronavirus:
According to the CDC, some people are at higher risk of getting very sick from this illness. This includes:

  • Older adults
  • People who have serious chronic medical conditions like:
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Lung disease 

Precautions you can take to avoid contracting coronavirus include:

  • Practicing basic hygiene is the single-most effective way to prevent the spread of all communicable diseases, including COVID-19. 
  • Wear a face covering.
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with your hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your mouth when coughing.
  • Sneeze using a tissue and throw the tissue in the trash immediately following use.
  • Get a flu shot.
  • If you get sick, please stay home from work, school or other places where you are in close frequent contact with other people.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched "community" objects and surfaces.

Visit the Southern Nevada Health District website for local updates and current information from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The public can calthe Health District’s Information Line at (702) 759-INFO (4636) with questions about coronavirus, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday-Friday.

Additionally, remember the key steps recommended for general emergency preparedness:

  1. Get a disaster supply kit. The kit should contain items for you and your family's basic needs for two weeks, including food and water, and provisions for infants, medically fragile family members and pets.
  2. Create an emergency plan. Family members may not be together when an emergency occurs, so it's important to plan in advance how you will connect with one another.
  3. Be informed. Visit the emergency preparedness pages of Clark County's website to learn more.

Managing Stress During the Coronavirus Pandemic

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control has created a section on its website devoted to mental health and coping with COVID-19.

Everyone reacts differently to stressful situations.  Signs you may be experiencing stress and anxiety include:

  • Fear and worry about your own health and the health of your loved ones
  • Changes in sleep or eating patterns
  • Difficulty sleeping or concentrating
  • Worsening of chronic health problems
  • Worsening of mental health conditions
  • Increased use of alcohol, tobacco or other drugs 

Recommended ways to cope with stress include:

  • Taking breaks from watching, reading or listening to news stories including social media
  • Taking deep breaths, stretching and exercising regularly
  • Eating healthy, well-balanced meals
  • Connecting with people you love and trust

24-Hour Crisis Support Telephone Resources:

  • Disaster Distress Helpline: Call 1-800-985-5990 or text TalkWithUs to 66746 to connect with a trained crisis counselor.
  • Crisis Support Services of Nevada: Call 1-800-273-8255, or text CARE (2273) to 839863.
Nevada 2-1-1, a program of the Nevada Department of Health and Human Services, provides information and referrals to health, human and social service organizations throughout the state. Dial 2-1-1 or visit its website at for more information about its services.